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2012 Senate Bill 1232: Create “Indian family preservation” law

Public Act 565 of 2012

Introduced by Sen. Judy Emmons (R) on August 15, 2012
To require that in foster care, termination of parental rights, adoptions, etc. involving an Indian child, officials must make “active efforts” to provide “culturally appropriate” services in collaboration with the tribe that “assure cultural connections” to the tribe, including “adoptive placements that will reflect the unique value of Indian culture.” Among other things, this would restrict adoptions of a Native American child by a non-native American family. The bill would also establish that “an Indian tribe has exclusive jurisdiction” over any child custody matter involving an Indian child who lives within the reservation.   Official Text and Analysis.
Referred to the Senate Families, Seniors & Human Services Committee on August 15, 2012
Reported in the Senate on September 20, 2012
With the recommendation that the substitute (S-1) be adopted and that the bill then pass.
Substitute offered in the Senate on September 25, 2012
The substitute passed by voice vote in the Senate on September 25, 2012
To require that in foster care, termination of parental rights, adoptions, and other legal matters involving an Indian child, officials must make “active efforts” to provide “culturally appropriate” services in collaboration with the tribe that “assure cultural connections” to the tribe, including “adoptive placements that will reflect the unique value of Indian culture.” Among other things, this would restrict adoptions of a Native American child by a non-native American family. The bill would also establish that “an Indian tribe has exclusive jurisdiction” over any child custody matter involving an Indian child who lives within the reservation.
Received in the House on September 27, 2012
Referred to the House Families, Children, and Seniors Committee on September 27, 2012
Reported in the House on December 4, 2012
Without amendment and with the recommendation that the bill pass.
Signed by Gov. Rick Snyder on December 31, 2013

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