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2013 Senate Bill 423: Require schools teach American foundational principles; SCHOOL SPENDING "ADEQUACY" STUDY

Public Act 555 of 2014

Introduced by Sen. Patrick Colbeck (R) on June 11, 2013 To require public schools to provide instruction in all grades that focuses on the core principles of the United States, in particular those articulated in the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, the Bill of Rights and other foundational or iconic texts, speeches, etc.   Official Text and Analysis.
Referred to the Senate Education Committee on June 11, 2013
Reported in the Senate on November 14, 2013 With the recommendation that the substitute (S-2) be adopted and that the bill then pass.
Substitute offered in the Senate on December 10, 2013 To adopt a version of the bill that encourages rather than mandates schools to teach foundational principles.
The substitute passed by voice vote in the Senate on December 10, 2013
Amendment offered by Sen. Hoon-Yung Hopgood (D) on December 11, 2013 To require the state Board of Education to work with two named organizations considered more "establishment" or "center-left" in their orientation (the Michigan Council for Social Studies and the Michigan Center for Civic Education, which includes the amendment sponsor on its board) when it updates curriculum and testing standards to cover these subjects.
The amendment failed by voice vote in the Senate on December 11, 2013
Passed 27 to 10 in the Senate on December 11, 2013 To encourage public schools to provide instruction that focuses on the core principles of the Declaration of Independence, United States Constitution, and State Constitution, and require the state Board of Education to update curriculum and testing standards to cover these subjects.
Received in the House on December 11, 2013
Referred to the House Education Committee on December 11, 2013
Reported in the House on March 19, 2014 With the recommendation that the substitute (H-1) be adopted and that the bill then pass.
Substitute offered by Rep. Brandon Dillon (D) on December 19, 2014 To delete the previous content of the bill and replace it with a requirement for a public school spending "adequacy" study.
The substitute passed by voice vote in the House on December 19, 2014
Passed 72 to 38 in the House on December 19, 2014 To require the state budget agency to contract for a study to determine how much money per student is needed for a public school to educate students sufficiently well to meet state graduation requirements. Democrats have sought this for several years, and reportedly its adoption by a Republican-controlled legislature is in return for Democratic votes on a sales tax increase that is part of a $1.945 billion tax hike for road repairs and other spending.
Received in the Senate on December 19, 2014
Passed 20 to 18 in the Senate on December 19, 2014 To require the state budget agency to contract for a study to determine how much money per student is needed for a public school to educate students sufficiently well to meet state graduation requirements. Reportedly the bill was adopted Republican-controlled legislature in return for Democratic votes on a sales tax increase that is part of a $1.945 billion tax hike for road repairs and other spending.
Signed by Gov. Rick Snyder on January 15, 2015

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