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2013 Senate Bill 319: Repeal mandatory life sentences for minors

Public Act 22 of 2014

Introduced by Sen. Rick Jones (R) on April 16, 2013
To repeal Michigan’s mandatory life sentence with no chance of parole for certain very serious crimes committed by minors, and replace it with a system in which prosecutors could request a genuine lifetime sentence where the offense was aggravated by certain specific factors listed in the bill. If the court denies the petition, or if none is filed, minors convicted of these very serious crimes could still be sentenced to life with no chance of parole for 45 years. See this Senate Fiscal Agency memo on the recent U.S. Supreme Court decision in Miller v Alabama ruling and its application to Michigan law.   Official Text and Analysis.
Referred to the Senate Judiciary Committee on April 16, 2013
Reported in the Senate on September 19, 2013
With the recommendation that the substitute (S-2) be adopted and that the bill then pass.
Amendment offered in the Senate on October 23, 2013
To adopt a substitute that specifies a new sentencing regime; see Senate-passed bill.
The amendment passed by voice vote in the Senate on October 23, 2013
Amendment offered by Sen. Bert Johnson (D) on October 24, 2013
To make the proposed repeal of mandatory life sentences for minors retroactive.
The amendment failed 8 to 28 in the Senate on October 24, 2013.
    See Who Voted "Yes" and Who Voted "No".
Passed 36 to 0 in the Senate on October 24, 2013.
    See Who Voted "Yes" and Who Voted "No".
To repeal Michigan’s mandatory life sentence with no chance of parole for certain very serious crimes committed by minors, and replace it with a system in which prosecutors could request a genuine lifetime sentence. If this request was not made or denied, a judge would have to impose a minimum sentence of between 25 and 40 years, and a maximum of at least 60 years. These provisions would only apply prospectively, to cases still open as of the U.S. Supreme Court's Miller v Alabama decision in June, 2012.
Received in the House on October 29, 2013
Referred to the House Criminal Justice Committee on October 29, 2013
Amendment offered in the House on December 4, 2013
With the recommendation that the substitute (H-1) be adopted and that the bill then pass.
Substitute offered in the House on February 4, 2014
The substitute failed by voice vote in the House on February 4, 2014
Substitute offered by Rep. Klint Kesto (R) on February 4, 2014
To replace the previous version of the bill with one that included provisions anticipating a future court ruling requiring current prisoners in this class to get a parole hearing.
The substitute passed by voice vote in the House on February 4, 2014
Amendment offered by Rep. Brian Banks (D) on February 4, 2014
To make the bill's provisions apply retroactively to current prisoners in this class.
The amendment failed by voice vote in the House on February 4, 2014
Amendment offered by Rep. Kurt Heise (R) on February 4, 2014
To remove the "tie bar" linkage between this bill and Senate Bill 318.
The amendment passed by voice vote in the House on February 4, 2014
Passed 62 to 48 in the House on February 4, 2014.
    See Who Voted "Yes" and Who Voted "No".
To revise the sentencing guidelines related to Michigan's mandatory life sentence with no chance of parole for certain very serious crimes committed by minors. Life without parole would no longer be automatic in these cases but prosecutors could request it. Otherwise, the minimum sentence would be 25 to 40 years, and the maximum at least 60 years. These provisions would only apply prospectively, to cases still open as of the U.S. Supreme Court's Miller v Alabama decision in June, 2012. Language in the bill would apply the new standard retroactively to the approximately 350 current prisoners in this category if future court rulings require this.
Received in the Senate on February 5, 2014
Signed by Gov. Rick Snyder on March 4, 2014

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